New York City is without a doubt the most popular tourist destination in the state and is packed with famous attractions. The Manhattan district is home to many of the city's top destinations, including Central Park, Times Square, the Empire State Building and many more. If someone asks me why New York is famous, the economist inside me immediately thinks of Wall Street. If visitors to New York take a moment away from the busy urban life and explore the vast landscape of the surrounding state, they will be transported to simpler times.
In fact, New York is often referred to as the State of New York to distinguish it from the famous New York City. The enormous population density of New York City and Manhattan can only be achieved through the construction of huge buildings to house people and offices. Southern New York State, which comprises New York City, Long Island and the lower reaches of the Hudson Valley, has quite hot summers with some periods of high humidity and cold, humid winters that are relatively mild compared to temperatures in upstate New York due to lower elevation of the southern region of the state, the Atlantic Ocean and a relatively lower latitude. The task of choosing a handful of top attractions to represent the entire state of New York is not an easy task thanks to its almost endless amount of things to see and do, from the historic to the most contemporary.
It's where New York originated to become the megalopolis that now extends to several cities, counties and states. From the multicultural and densely populated metropolis of New York City to the historic covered bridges of upstate New York, New York State goes beyond what you see on television. New York City is famous all over the world, often referred to as the “capital of the world” because it houses the headquarters of the United Nations. New York was the only colony that did not vote for independence, as delegates were not allowed to do so.
That organization was found to be inadequate, and prominent New Yorker Alexander Hamilton advocated for a new government that would include an executive, national courts and the power to tax. The first of these trading posts was Fort Nassau (1614, near present-day Albany); Fort Orange (1624, on the Hudson River, just south of the current city of Albany and created to replace Fort Nassau), becoming the Beverwijck settlement (164), and in what became Albany; Fort Amsterdam (1625), to become the city of New Amsterdam, which is the current city of New York); and Esopus (1653, now Kingston).